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Generation X

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This was the first generation that experienced technology in high speed, which significantly reduced the amount of time that it took previously to complete day-to-day tasks. Therefore, Generation Xers never had the opportunity to understand why so much time was spent by older generations just to get through a day.

They watched their parents, who had devoted the majority of their lives for one company, get terminated from that company as companies focused more on making profits than on appreciating the fact that the reason the companies became so great was because of their employees. This resulted in a totally different outlook on life by Generation X that incorporated resilience, independence, and adaptability. This also created many entrepreneurs as this group was determined to make it on their own rather than working for a company that would terminate, despite the difference they made.

Technology was expected to significantly reduce the amount of time spent doing mundane tasks, which was supposed to free up personal quality time. However, business owners demanded more tasks be done. Therefore, the time that should have been freed to spend quality personal time was simply filled with more tasks.

The Space Race began in during the Baby Boomer generation and ended with Generation X generation (1955 to 1972) and was primarily a competition between the United States and the Soviet Union.

  • Major Influencers: Space shuttle explosions, increased technology, violent gangs, street drugs, latchkey kids, AIDS, constant wars (see below)
  • Motivators: Security
  • Values: Honest, work/home flexibility, mobility, security, friendship
  • Financial: Save, cautious, conservative
  • Characteristics: Tech savvy, safety concerns, challenges leadership, easily adapts to change, resourceful, craves balance in work and family; likes variety, unlike their parents and grandparents, this group wants work to be fun
  • Communication: Not afraid to ask questions (even of authority), adept at using technology that began in their youth and was perfected in their children’s youth
  • School and Learning Styles: Technology and media integration began individual learning. Homework ~ 3-4 hours, schools began integration of races whereas before this time, blacks and whites were located in different schools
  • Communication Devices: Electronic typewriter, cell phones, intro of iPhones, personal computer, email
  • Types of Entertainment: Radio, Sock Hop, Freestyle, Disco, Salsa, Line Dancing, Punk Rock, Break Dancing, Reggae, Motown, Soul, New Wave, Rap, Ballroom Dancing,
  • Inventions: Space race began with space shuttles, cordless phones, mobile phones, microwave, voicemail, Taser, digital cameras, popcorn bags, calculator, lunar module, Hypertext, minicomputer/personal computers, compact disc,  wireless LAN, email, video game console, MRI, Ethernet, Packman, YouTube, Google

How to Communicate with Generation X

  • This group likes rewards and recognition
  • Interestingly, when you look into which is the “Me” generation, at some point, every generation is dubbed the “Me” generation.  However, when you compare the lingo used by the younger generations, one thing that I began to see that both Traditionalists and Baby Boomers always put the pronoun “me” or “I” after several people were mentioned in a sentence.  Example: “My friends and I will be going to the store”.  It seems to me that somewhere along the way, “Generation X” switched from the pronoun being at the end of a series of people to being the first person mentioned.  Today, the pronoun comes first: “Me and my friends will be going to the store”.
  • Another thing I notice now is that when I was young (pull any book, magazine, or newspaper that was written before 1970 or 1980, the ending quotation mark that was at the end of a phrase or word (but not a complete sentence) always came before the period or question mark or exclamation mark.  Today, it comes after the ending punctuation.

 

Generation X Prices

 

Wars (although the start of the wars listed below are outside the years designated for Generation X, the affect it is having on this generation is profound and; therefore, worthy of listing the wars)

  • Soviet war in Afghanistan (1979 – 1989)
  • Gulf War (liberated Kuwait after Iraq invasion) (1990 – 1991)
  • Iraqi no-fly zones conflict (1991 – 2003)
  • Operation Restore Hope (Somali Civil War) (1992 – 1994)
  • Bosnian War (1993 – 1995)
  • Operation Infinite Reach, Osama bin Laden (founder of al-Qaeda) uprising (1998)
  • Kosovo War (1998 – 1999)
  • Afghanistan War, USA’s response to the 9/11 attacks on Trade Towers in NYC (2001 – 2014)
  • Operation Enduring Freedom (2002 – present)
  • Iraq War (execution of Saddam Hussein) (2003 – 2011)
  • Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen (2010 – present)
  • Operation Neptune Spear (Osama bin Laden killed by US Navy SEALs May 2011

Science & Technology

Although cell phones had been invented in the 1960s, only a very limited number of cell phones could be used simultaneously due to the inability of being able to switch between radio frequency tower areas (known as “cells”, which is why they are called “cell phones”). With the introduction of reasonably priced computers that companies could afford and that would handle switching between cells.

Computers

Personal Computer

Computers are fine-tune at an exponential rate during Generation X.

  • 1941: The world’s first program-controlled computer was the Zuse Z3 (1941) that was able to store a maximum of 64 words in its memory with each word made up of 22 bits.
  • 1966: Five computers were created between 1951 and 1974 with ILLIAC III in 1966 and IV in 1972. All were made with 256 processors which permitted large volume of data to be processed simultaneously.
  • 1966: The Department of Defense worked with the University of Illinois to create a series of extremely large research, or super computers named the ILLIAC (the name was arrived by: ILLInois Automatic Computer).
  • 1969: The Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA) Network was created by the Department of Defense (1958) and was the first Internet, which provided computer-to-computer communication network.  The @ symbol was used for the first email that was sent via ARPAnet.
  • 1970: The name UNIX was a pun that was devised from the true project name, which was UNiplexed Information and Computing Service (UNICS).
  • 1971: It was followed by the 256 microprocessor, which was the first microprocessor that could handle both upper and lower case letters, all 9 numerals, and also a variety of symbols.
  • 1971: The 4004 microprocessor was replaced by the 8008 microprocessor, both of which worked with a series of ones and zeros.
  • 1971: The 8-inch floppy disk was created as the world’s first storage device that made transferring information between computers that were not yet connected to the new Internet because the information could be uploaded to the floppy disk and then removed from one computer and inserted into a new computer and the information that was on the floppy disk could then be downloaded to the other computer.
  • 1973: The Apollo 11 computer series was used for orbiting Earth and by astronauts for landing on the moon’s surface. UNIX software, a multitasking, multi-user computer operating system, was created.
  • 1975: Bill Gates founded Microsoft (the name was an abbreviation of Microcomputer Software) and
  • 1975: The Altair 8800 computer utilized Intel’s 8080 microprocessor technology and used the new software language BASIC (Beginner’s All Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code) that was licensed by Bill Gates.  Banks took an integral interest in Tandem-16 computers because they would continue working while being repaired.
  • 1976: Cray 1, one of the world’s first super computers was clocked in a 80 MHZ and used computer chips (integrated circuits) and performed at 136 megaflops, which significantly outperformed the existing CDC 6600, which functioned at 3 megaflops
  • 1976: Steve Jobs started Apple Computer.  Computers continued advancements such as power cords, cassette tapes, game paddles, and color graphics cards.  The first home game system was the Atari 2600.
  • 1977: Commodore 64 hosted 64 kilobytes of memory.
  • 1977: Radio Shack unveiled the world’s first desktop computer: the TRS-80
  • 1979: Atari introduced its Model 400 and 800 computer.

Space Exploration

Flag of USA

USA

  • 1965: 2/17/1965: Ranger 8 transmitted lunar photos and other data prior to the planned crash into the moon
  • 1965: March 21: Ranger 9, transmitted clearer photos than Ranger 8 before planned lunar crash landing
  • 1965: March 25: Gemini 3: first piloted spacecraft to change orbits
  • 1965: August 20: Gemini 5: Flight duration of 8 days
  • 1965: Dec. 16: Gemini 6A / 7 – First orbital rendezvous; no docking
  • 1965: Dec 16: Pioneer 6: space weather observations
  • 1965: Dec. 18: Gemini 7: First 14-day duration space flight
  • 1966: March 16: Gemini 8 / ATV: Docking 2 vehicles
  • 1966: May 30: Surveyor 1: Lunar lander
  • 1966: June 3: Gemini 9: evaluate human ability to perform a variety of tasks in space
  • 1966: July 1: Explorer 33: attempted lunar orbit; failed to achieve lunar orbit
  • 1966: July 18: Gemini 10: evaluate perform tasks in space to include dock and undock & space walks
  • 1966: Aug 10: Lunar Orbiter 1: mission was to take photos of the smooth areas of the moon
  • 1966 – 1968: Pioneer 7, 8, 9 weather observations: operated until the 1980s and 1990s
  • 1966: Sept. 12: Gemini 11 First direct ascent rendezvous by piloted spaceship on first orbit
  • 1966: Nov. 6: Lunar Orbiter 2: another mission to photograph smooth areas of the moon
  • 1966: Nov. 12: Gemini 12: First work outside a spacecraft
  • 1966: Sept 20: Surveyor 2: lunar landing attempt; but crashed on moon
  • 1967: Jan. 27, Apollo 1: a fire aboard the space capsule on the ground at Cape Kennedy, Fla., killed astronauts Virgil I. Grissom, Edward H. White, and Roger Chaffee.
  • 1967 –  1968: Lunar orbiter 3, 4, 5, Surveyor 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 Explorer 35
  • 1967: Mariner 5, Venus flyby, also see Missions to Venus and Mercury

    Rocket

  • 1967 – 1968: Apollo 4, 5, 6, 7, 8: Test all rocket stages, ability to ascent & descent stages; successful despite one engine never re-ignited upon re-entering Earth’s orbit/First manned spaceflight to orbit moon and return to Earth
  • 1969: Mariner 6: Mars flyby
  • 1969: Apollo 9, 10: first crewed lunar test module, all phases except landing
  • 1969: Apollo 11: Prime directive of President John Kennedy from 5/25/1961 was met: land on the moon and return to Earth. Neil Armstrong was the 1st man to walk on the moon” “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”
  • 1969, 1970, 1971: Apollo 12, piloted landing precisely on target, (13) landing prevented by oxygen tank explosion; crew returned safely, (14) Manned lunar landing, (15) first manned lunar rover, (16) manned lunar landing, (17) last manned lunar landing
  • 1971: Mariner 9, first Mars orbit
  • 1972: Pioneer 10: first spacecraft to investigate Jupiter (12/3/1973); last communication was in 2003
  • 1973: Pioneer 11, passed Jupiter 12/2/1974; first Saturn flyby, last communication in 1995

    Space Exploration

  • 1973: Skylab: First American space station; mission demonstrated that humans could live and work in space for extended periods of time
  • 1974: Explorer 49: lunar orbiter/radio astronomy
  • 1974 – 1985: USA w/Germany: Helios Titan / Centaur: Solar system exploration, space launch complex from 1/16/1975 to 2/18/1985
  • 1975: USA w/USSR: Apollo-Soyuz Test Project
  • 1975: Viking 1, 2: Mars orbiter and lander; first lander returned data and first pictures from Mars
  • 1975: Mariner 10: Venus flyby, first Mercury flyby
  • 1977: Voyager 1, 2: Jupiter/Saturn flyby, farthest manmade object; (2) first Uranus; first Neptune flyby, reached Neptune in 1989
  • 1977 – 2012: USA’s space shuttle program was comprised of: Enterprise (1977 – 2012), Columbia (1981 – 2003 [27 flights]: explosion: 2/1/2003), Challenger (1/28/1986: explosion), Challenger (1984 – 2012 [39 flights]), Atlantis (1985 – 2011 [33 flights]), and Endeavour (1992 – 2012 [25 flights])
  • 1977 – 2012: NASA’s Enterprise Space Shuttle, named after the USS Enterprise (Star Trek Starship) made approach and landing tests in prep for future missions. Gene Roddenberry, the author of the Star Trek services and Star Trek cast members all attended the Enterprise’s rollout ceremony. The Enterprise’s overall purpose was to perform a series of test flights about approaches and landings in preparation for upcoming outer space exploration.  All flights were flown only inside Earth’s atmosphere. Enterprise’s last flight.  It never flew into space but rather conducted a series of approach and landing tests in preparation for upcoming outer space flights
  • 1978: Pioneer Venus 1 Orbiter: experiments included surface map of Venus; on 10/8/1992 it burned up in Venus’ atmosphere
  • 1978: Pioneer Venus 2 Multi Probe: successful beyond expectation in that it continued transmitting data for more than one hour after landing
  • 1978: USA w/Europe: ISEE-3: solar wind investigations; international comet explorer performed comet Giacobini-Zinner and Haley flybys; first comet flyby
  • 1983: STS-7: first American woman in space

 

USSR

  • 1965, March 18: first spacewalk from the Voskhod 2 spacecraft
  • 1965: March 12: Kosmos-60 attempted a lunar landing; however, it never got out of Earth’s orbit
  • 1965: Venera Missions: to fly by Venus: Venera 2 failed when it lost communication after leaving Earth’s orbit, Venera 3: Mission to probe Venus’ atmosphere; however, no data transmitted
  • 1965: Nov. 23: Great Lakes Fireball of 1965: atmospheric probe failed; some think it crashed near Kecksburg, PA; USSR said it never crashed
  • 1965: Dec. 3: Luna 8: crashed as it attempted a soft lunar landing
  • 1966: Luna 9, 10, 11: first lunar landing without destruction; first photos from the moon; lunar orbiter
  • 1967: April 23–24, Soyuz 1: Vladimir M. Komarov was killed when his craft crashed after its parachute lines, released at 23,000 ft. for reentry, became snarled.
  • 1967: Venera 4: first to measure Venus atmosphere; USSR claimed it landed on Venus’ surface intact; however, when USAs Mariner 5 confirmed that pressure was much higher than Venera could sustained, USSR retracted their claim
  • 1967 – 1969: many lunar programs, flyby and return to Earth; dubbed spaceships that failed missions to be labeled 300, 301, 302, etc. and then 400, 401, 402, etc.
  • 1970: Kosmos 359: escape stage failed, 1971: Kosmos 419: attempted Mars orbit; 1972: Kosmos 482: attempted Venus probe
  • 1970: Venera 7: first probe to make a soft landing on Venus; survived and broadcasted 23 minutes before succumbing to heat and pressure
  • 1970: Luna 16: first robotic lunar sample returned
  • 1971: June 6–30, Soyuz 11: 3 cosmonauts, Georgi T. Dolrovolsky, Vladislav N. Volkov, and Viktor I. Patsayev, found dead in the craft after its automatic landing. Apparent cause of death was loss of pressurization in the space craft during reentry into Earth’s atmosphere
  • 1973 – 1975: Venera 9, Mars 4, 5, 6, 7: first spacecraft to orbit Venus landed on 10/22/1975 and returned images for 53 minutes prior to succumbing to heat and pressure, Mars flybys (6 failed) (7 missed Mars)
  • 1978 – 1983: Venera 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16: Venus exploration (11: landed, survived 95 minutes, no data), (12) soft landing, transmitted data for 110 minutes, (13) returned first color images of Venus’ surface, (14) soil sample showed similar to Earth’s mid-ocean ridges, (15) mapped northern hemisphere, (16) arrived, mapped northern hemisphere with 15)
  • 1980: March 18, USSR: a Vostok rocket exploded on its launch pad while being refueled, killing 50 at the Plesetsk Space Center.

Notable Events – Walt Disney World

Walt and Mickey

Walt Disney! Yes, one person can make a ginormous difference! I remember watching The Walt Disney’s Wonderful World of Color (1961-1969) and The Wonderful World of Disney when I was young. Before that, all of the shows were in black & white. That is probably the biggest reason why I remember Walt Disney’s shows at such a young age. Television broadcasting stations began transmitting in color in the early 1960s, which means that Walt took advantage of being one of the first television programs to be broadcasted in color!

1963: Initially, Walt Disney was satisfied with just DisneyLand and had no intention of building another amusement park. However, his monumental success at the 1964 New York World’s Fair ignited the flame that became Walt Disney World. Walt’s team researched areas of the United States for locations where the new amusement park could be positioned. Walt wanted to correct mistake that was made when planning and building DisneyLand and that was he needed much, much more land and the location of the new property would have to be someplace to avoid the massive traffic jams not only with parking but also the city of Anaheim, California. There was nowhere for DisneyLand to grow in size, and since Disney did not own the land around DisneyLand, low end motels and other businesses that distract from the magical experience popped up all around DisneyLand. When the location was finalized (central Florida), Walt’s team knew that when word got out that he and his team wanted to buy thousands of acres, that the price of land would be significantly increased. Therefore, he formed a variety of fictitious companies so that he could buy property undercover. The first land purchase for the Florida Project was purchased by the Ayefour Corporation because the property for the new Disney Park was along Interstate 4 in Florida.

In fact, Disney was correct: when word got out about the Florida Project being Disney-related, land prices soared from $180 per acre to as much as $80,000 per acre.

 

  • Latin-American Development and Management Corporation
  • Compass East Corporation
    • NOTE: became Walt Disney World Company
  • Bay Lake Properties, Incorporated
  • Ayefour Corporation (a creative spinoff for Interstate 4)
  • M. T. Lott Co. Real Estate Investments
  • Reedy Creek Ranch, Incorporated. Drainage District
  • Retlaw Enterprises (Retlaw is Walter spelled backwards)
  • Tomahawk Properties, Incorporated

    Disney False Names Window

NOTE: when you walk down Main Street USA at Walt Disney World, be sure the check out the 2nd story windows.

 

  • 1966: Walt Disney died on December 15, which was 10 days after his birthday. He was 65. Walt spent his entire life pushing reality and making the impossible possible. Unfortunately, he never even saw the construction of Walt Disney World start before his death.
  • 1967: Construction begins on Walt Disney World Resort near Orlando, Florida; the underlying governmental structure, called the Reedy Creek Improvement District, is signed into law.
  • 1971: Walt Disney World officially opened to the public on October 1st.
  • 1971: Roy O. Disney, who, with younger brother Walt Disney, co-founded the company that is now known as The Walt Disney Company, passes away.
  • 1975: Walt Disney World Village, a large outdoor mall with specialty shops all built by Disney designers, which later became Disney Village Marketplace, opens.
  • 1975: Walt Disney World opened Space Mountain, the first thrill ride in Magic Kingdom.  The concept was borne out of the thrill ride in Magic Kingdom, DisneyLand, Anaheim, California named Matterhorn Bobsleds.
  • 1975: Walt Disney World opened what would become known as “Downtown Disney” (in 1995).  Initially it was called: Walt Disney Shopping Village.  It now has a variety of stores, restaurants, and a wide variety of entertainment.

Notable Events

  • 1965: Vietnam War: because there was no declaration of war, the official start date of United States involvement has no definitive date. I researched extensively and found a variety of dates from 1955 to 1965; however, since this article is about Generation X, the start is not the reason I mention the Vietnam War in this article – it was because of the end of the war. American involvement included the 9th Marine Expeditionary Brigade was issued the order to “Land the Landing Force” on in March 1965. By mid-1968, 85,000 Marine Corps troops were in Vietnam, withdrawal began in 1969 and by April 1975, all US ground forces were completely out of Vietnam. US Military deaths totaled more than 58,000.

NOTE: Some reputable resources you can refer to if you choose to conduct your own research are below:

Wikipedia

Vietnam War Info

History Place

Vietnam War 50th

Encyclopedia Britannica

  • 1966: August 1, 1966 Austin, Texas : University of Texas Tower Shooting: From the observation deck of the University of Texas’ tower, Charles Whitman killed 16 and wounded 31 in a shooting rampage that lasted for 96 minutes.
  • 1967: March 18: The Torrey Canyon supertanker was shipwrecked off the west coast of Cornwall, England, causing an environmental disaster. This was the first major oil spill at sea spilling 38 million gallons of crude oil off the scilly Islands.
  • 1967: Emergency Number 911 was initiated in the United States by the Federal Communication Commission on November 8, 1967. Prior to this, emergency calls were placed by operator assistance, meaning the distressed caller would dial zero and when the operator answered, ask for police or fire or ambulance service.  In 1937, the United Kingdom started their emergency call service by dialing 999. The very first 911 telephone call was made from Haleyville, Alabama City Hall to the Haleyville, AL police station on February 16, 1968.
  • 1969: Woodstock: a 4-day peaceful music and art fair was held on a dairy farm in the Catskill Mountains in Bethel, NY and more than 450,000 people from all around the world attended. What began solely as a money making venture phased into a free event and in the long run, actually defined the Baby Boomer generation.
  • 1970: First Earth Day was initiated on April 22, 1970. Interestingly, even during

    Earth Day

    all of the turmoil experienced during the Baby Boomer sit-ins, Vietnam, flower children, and psychedelic drugs, this generation still focused on a wide variety of environmental concerns. The founder of Earth Day was Wisconsin Senator, Gaylord Nelson, who use the disastrous Santa Barbara, CA oil spill of January 29, 1969 in which 200,000 gallons of crude oil spread over 800 square miles destroying wildlife, beaches, kelp forests, and jobs. The oil spill was the result of Union Oil Company cutting corners (permission had been received from the U. S. Geological Survey) by operating with casings below United States standards. Earth Day was initially announced at the UNESCO National Conference in San Francisco. The concept of Earth Day was celebrated on March 21, 1970, which was the date of the Vernal Equinox. The reason for choosing the Vernal Equinox is people all over the world celebrate renewal at the start of spring. The date that was set for Earth Day (April 22nd) was because of an environmental teach-in that was conducted by US Senator Gaylord Nelson on April 22, 1970.

  • 1970: United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was launched on December 2, 1970 as a spinoff of the very first Earth Day.
  • 1970: October 3. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

    Ocean

    was established. Prior to NOAA’s creation, scientific studies were split among the United States Coast and Geodetic Survey that was formed in 1807 and the US Weather Bureau (formed in 1870). It is currently located in Washington DC and manages a variety of research laboratories.

  • 1971: the Public Health Smoking Act banned all advertisements by and about cigarette manufacturing companies from television.  This was a result of a code that was created in 1964 by tobacco companies as a result of general public pressure to stop advertising on television shows that were watched primarily by children
  • 1973: The Sears Tower was built in Chicago, IL and stood 113 stories tall, making it the tallest building in the world.
    • NOTE: in 2009, the name was officially changed from Sears Tower to Willis Tower. Even today, people still resent the re-naming of the high rise.
    • NOTE: According to ezinearticles.com, the number of stories was 108; however, according to Sears Tower, it shows 113 stories.
  • 1974: President Richard Nixon resigned rather than face impeachment proceedings, which would almost certainly would have found him guilty of involvement of the Watergate cover up. Gerald Ford succeeded Richard Nixon and granted a full pardon for any crimes he may have committed while being President.
    • NOTE: Watergate was actually the name of the hotel where the Democratic National Committee’s office and apartment complex was located. In 1972, the night security guard was doing rounds and found a door that connected the basement stairwell and parking garage had tape on it to prevent the door from closing.  The security guard called the police and 5 men wearing business suits and also all wearing latex gloves were apprehended. One of the burglars had responsibility for the committee to Re-elect President Nixon and the other four all had CIA connections and were involved in the Bay of Pigs invasion. According to CNN, the men were photographing key documents and replacing eavesdropping equipment installed during a previous break in. After Nixon won his 2nd term as President, investigations were conducted with the resulting initiation of an impeachment process. President Nixon resigned rather than face impeachment. He was the only president in US History to have resigned from the Presidential Office.
  • 1974: Turkish Airlines Flight 981 (also known as the Ermenonville air disaster), considered one of the most tragic air disasters. 10 Minutes after takeoff, a transmission was heard from the cockpit of the plane as the pilot yelled “the Fuselage has burst!” before the plane crashed outside of Paris at approximately 500 hours per hour; all 346 passengers were killed.  First responders found the crash site that was in millions of pieces. The plane hit the ground so fast and with such force that it literally vaporized, leaving no large pieces of the fuselage. However, in the town of Saint Pathus, France, the tail of the DC-10 was found that included the rear row of seats, with the corpses still strapped into their seats.
  • 1975: August: The Banqiao Dam was among 62 dams in Zhumadian City, Henan Province, People’s Republic of China that were either failed or were intentionally destroyed during Super Typhoon Nina leaving an estimated 229,000 deaths.
  • 1975: May 16th Busch Gardens Park opened in Williamsburg, Virginia and was result of a marketing development strategy of Anheuser-Busch Products in the Williamsburg area. Up until the opening of Busch Gardens, Anheuser-Busch was only known for beer and the Clydesdales that pulled their red wagons. Therefore, they included stables at the amusement park for some of their Clydesdale horses.  The marketing and branding of the amusement park was so successful that many people who go to Williamsburg, Virginia make a visit to Busch Gardens part of their vacation.
    • FUN FACT: when the park initially opened, the name of the park was: “Busch Gardens” The Old Country”. Later, the name was changed to Busch Gardens Europe. The park includes hamlets of European and Canadian countries (England, Scotland, Ireland, Italy, Germany, France, and Canada).
  • 1977: Tenerife disaster (March 27, 1977) 583 killed (335 plus 248); collision between KLM and PanAm Boeing 747s, the world’s largest multiple aircraft air disaster
  • 1978: March 16: The Amoco Cadiz, an VLCC owned by the company Amoco (now merged with BP) sank near the Northwest coasts of France, resulting in the spilling of 68,684,000 US Gallons of crude oil (1,635,000 barrels). This is the largest oil spill of its kind (spill from an oil tanker) in history.
  • 1978: March 16, off Portsall, France: wrecked supertanker Amoco Cadiz spilled 68 million gallons, causing widespread environmental damage over 100 mi of Brittany coast.
  • 1979: March 28: Three Mile Island accident, Dauphin County, Pennsylvania, currently listed as the 10th largest man-made disaster in history. Partial nuclear meltdown. A cooling mechanical failure caused part of Reactor #2’s core to melt: The TMI-2 reactor was destroyed. This incident caused sweeping revisions of emergency response protocols.
  • 1979: June 3: Ixtoc I oil spill. The Ixtoc I exploratory oil well suffered a blowout resulting in the third largest oil spill and the second largest accidental spill in history.
  • 1980: Mount St. Helens Volcanic Eruption: At the time, I lived in Los Angeles, CA, which was 986 miles from Mount St. Helens, and all of our cars had volcanic ash for several weeks after the eruption.  For stats about Mount St. Helens, see USGS Science for a Changing World website. See a quick video about the actual eruption on May 18, 1980.
  • 1980: 1980 United States Heat Wave: From the report by the National Climactic Data Center  report central and eastern United States and the estimated damages that included agricultural and related industries was $48.4 billion and 10,000 deaths (see the NOAA brochure about heat waves and what you can do to protect yourself). Also see Discovery.com’s article suggesting that we will experience more heat waves.
  • 1980: November 20: Lake Peigneur drilling disaster. A Texaco oil rig drilled into the Diamond Crystal Salt Company salt mine, which was located under Lake Peigneur. A miscalculation caused a chain of events that caused this fresh water lake to become a salt water lake.

Differences Between Traditionalists, Baby Boomers, and Generation X

As mentioned throughout this website, when you incorporate the motivators for each generation into how you interact with them, you’ll be more successful in bridging the gap between generations.  In fact, I created a Generation Comparison Chart to compare some of the major influencers, their values, how they communicated in their younger years, the way they were educated, major inventions during the period of time designated for each generation, you will have a better handle on how to have each generation willingly interact with each other.

This generation saw a huge increase in divorced parents and many were raised by one parent and as such, many were latchkey kids who spent significant amounts of time home by themselves as their parent worked multiple jobs in order to make ends meet.  As a result, many Generation X became self-reliant.  Many saw their parents, who had worked long, hard hours for a company, only to be terminated as companies cut back so they could to make larger profits, which caused this generation to be skeptical, distrusting, and have no loyalty for any company.

Computers went from main frames that took up an entire room to “mini computers” to “Personal Computers” (PCs) to laptops to netbooks and desk top adding machines that used rolls of paper changed to handheld calculators.

This group met with their friends both face-to-face and later on, via email; whereas their kids (Millennials) IM their friends almost constantly, which significantly reduces the amount of face-to-face time.  When Baby Boomers were young, they kept in touch with their friends primarily via face-to-face because although telephones were around when they were young, they had party lines (there were several households on the same telephone line simultaneously).  Generation X kept in touch with their friends equally using telephones and face-to-face.  Millennials primarily keep in touch with their friends by IM’ing and email with face-to-face being only at school or school-related activities.

Being able to retire during their “golden years” was pretty much a “given” for Traditionalists because they could depend on Social Security and also had pensions from the companies they worked at for almost their entire lives.  Being able to retire is questionable for Baby Boomers because of so many companies downsizing, which dismantled pensions and government mishandling of Social Security benefits.  Pretty much the only way Generation X will be able to retire will be solely on their own because even if they are able to stay with a company for any length of time, many companies no longer offer pensions and it’s pretty much a ‘given’ that Social Security will be defunct.  Millennials will also be on their own in order to retire.  Because of the above, there really is no reason for Generation X or Millennials to even want to be loyal to any company.  Because both of these generations are so sophisticated with regards to technology, hopefully they will find a creative solution to being able to fund their retirement.

I find this extremely frustrating that the technology that made our lives so much easier has changed the entire meaning of “retirement”.  I really hope that both Generation X and Millennials can use the technology that they both have now to transition to new and unique ways to be able to retire.

Famous People

Lance Armstrong

Tiger Woods

Michael Dell

Harry Connick, Jr.

Ice Cube

Snoop Dogg

Eminem

Jeff Bezos (founder of Amazon.com)

Nicholas Cage

Robert Downey, Jr.

Brandon Lee

Sarah Jessica Parker

  1. K. Rowling (Harry Potter author)

Halle Barry

Janet Jackson

 

 

Keifer Sutherland

Mike Tyson,

Gary Coleman

Mary Lou Retton

Will Smith

Brett Favre

Christian Slater

Mariah Carey

Winona Ryder

Cameron Diaz

Shaquille O’Neal

Jewel

Leonardo DiCaprio

Drew Barrymore

Peyton Manning

Kobe Bryant

Christina Aguilera

Games and Forms of Entertainment

  • Barrel of Monkeys
  • Batmobile bicycle/ pedal car
  • Booby Trap
  • Board Games
    • CandyLand
    • Chutes & Ladders
    • Clue
    • Parcheesi
    • Rack-O card
    • Risk
    • Sergeant Preston
    • Yahtzee
  • Cabbage Patch Kids
  • Candyland Board Game
  • Care Bears
  • Chatter Phone
  • CHiPs Moped
  • Crazy Clock
  • Creepy Crawlers
  • Dungeons & Dragons
  • Easy Bake Oven
  • Electric Pin-Ball Game
  • Electric Pitching Machine
  • Etch-a-Sketch
  • Fascination
  • Flintstones Peddle Car
  • Foosball
  • Frosty Snow Cone Maker
  • Game of Life (board game)
  • Gameboy (video system)
  • GI Joe
  • Glo Worm
  • Glow Sticks
  • Hoppity Hops
  • Hot Wheels
  • Hungry Hippo
  • Ideal Printing Press
  • Ken
  • Ker-Plunk
  • Lite Bright
  • Magilla Gorilla Board Game
  • Magna Doodle
  • Masters of the Universe Action Figures
  • Matchbox Carry Case Car City
  • Moon Scope Telescope
  • Mousetrap
  • My Little Pony
  • Nerf ball
  • Nintendo (home video game system)
  • Odyssey (first video game)

 

 

  • Operation
  • Paddington Bear
  • Pet Rocks
  • Pictionary
  • Playmobil
  • Pocket Transistor Radios
  • Pogo Sticks
  • Polly Pockets
  • Popcorn Maker
  • Pound Puppy
  • Radio Controlled Cars
  • Real Ghostbusters Table-top Pinball
  • Rock’em Sock;em Robots
  • Roller Skates
  • Rubik’s Cube
  • See n Say
  • Sega Genesis
  • Shrinky Dinks
  • Silly String
  • Simon
  • Simon Says
  • Skip It
  • Slap Bracelets
  • Slip n Slide
  • Snoopy Sno-Cone Machine
  • Speak n Spell
  • Spirograph
  • Star Trek Electronic Phasers
  • Star Wars
  • Stretch Armstrong
  • Super Ball
  • Talking View Master
  • Teddy Ruxpin
  • Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles
  • The Corn Popper
  • Tonka Trucks
  • Trivial Pursuit
  • Troll Dolls
  • Twister (floor game)
  • Uno
  • Walkie Talkies
  • Weebles

Television Types and Popular Shows

  • 60 Minutes
  • Adam 12
  • Alias Smith & Jones
  • All in the Family
  • American Bandstand
  • Another World
  • Barnaby Jones
  • Batman
  • Beverly Hillbillies
  • Bewitched
  • Bionic Woman
  • Bob Newhart Show
  • Bobby Vinton Show
  • Bonanza
  • Brady Bunch
  • Bugs Bunny, Road Runner Hour
  • Carol Burnett
  • Carol Burnett Show
  • Charlie’s Angels
  • Chico and the Man
  • CHiPs
  • Columbo
  • Combat
  • Courtship of Eddie’s Father
  • Dallas
  • Daniel Boone
  • Dark Shadows
  • David Cassidy
  • Days of our Lives
  • Dean Martin Show
  • Different Strokes
  • Dinah
  • Doris Day Show
  • Dukes of Hazard
  • Emergency
  • F Troop
  • F.B.I.
  • Face the Nation
  • Family Affair
  • Fat Albert & Cosby Kids
  • Flintstones
  • Flip Wilson Show
  • Flipper
  • Flying Nun
  • General Hospital
  • Get Smart
  • Ghost & Mrs. Muir
  • Gidget
  • Gilligan’s Island
  • Gomer Pyle, U.S.MC.
  • Gong Show
  • Green Acres
  • Green Hornet
  • Grizzly Adams
  • Guiding Light
  • Happy Days
  • Hawaii Five-O
  • Hazel
  • Hee Haw
  • Here Come the Brides
  • Here’s Lucy
  • High Chaparral
  • Hogan’s Heroes
  • Hollywood Squares
  • I Dream of Jeanie
  • I Spy
  • Incredible Hulk
  • Ironside
  • It Takes a Thief
  • Jeffersons
  • Jeopardy
  • Johnny Cash
  • Land of the Lost
  • Laugh-In
  • Laverne & Shirley
  • Lawrence Welk Show
  • Little House on the Prairie
  • Lost in Space
  • Love Boat
  • Lucy Show
  • Marcus Welby
  • Mary Tyler Moore
  • MASH
  • Masterpiece Theater
  • Match Game
  • Maude
  • McCloud
  • Mike Douglas Show
  • Mission Impossible
  • Mod Squad
  • Monday Night Football
  • Monkees
  • Mork & Mindy
  • Munsters
  • Muppet Show
  • Mutual of Omaha’s Wild Kingdom
  • My Favorite Martian
  • My Mother the Car
  • Nanny & the Professor
  • Newly Wed Game
  • NOVA
  • Odd Couple
  • Partridge Family
  • Patty Duke Show
  • Petticoat Junction
  • Peyton Place
  • Planet of the Apes
  • Please Don’t Eat the Daisies
  • Rhoda
  • Rockford Files
  • Run for Your Life
  • Sanford & Son
  • Sanford and Son
  • Scooby Doo
  • Sesame Street
  • Six Million Dollar Man
  • Smothers Brothers
  • Sonny & Cher
  • Spider Man
  • Star Trek
  • Tammy
  • That Girl
  • The Doctors
  • The Wonderful World of Disney (first era) (1972–1979)
  • Three’s Company
  • Tom and Jerry
  • Tonight Show Starring Johnny Carson
  • Voyage to the Bottom of the Sea
  • Wackiest Ship in the Army
  • Waltons
  • Welcome Back Kotter
  • Wild Wild West
  • Wojeck
  • Wonderful World of Disney

Musicians

 

10CC

5000 Volts

Abba

AC/DC

Aerosmith

Air Supply

Alice Cooper

America

Andy Gibb

Animals

Anne Murray

Archies

Aretha Franklin

Association

Bachman-Turner Overdrive

Barry Manilow

Barry McGuire

Barry White

Bay City Rollers

Beach Boys

Beatles

Bee Gees

Bellamy Brothers

Bette Midler

Billy Joel

Billy Ocean

Billy Swan

BJ Thomas

Black Sabbath

Blondie

Blood, Sweat & Tears

Bob Dylan

Bob Marley

Bob Seger & Silver Bullet Band

Bobbie Gentry

Bobby Goldsboro

Bobby Vinton

Boney M

Box Tops

Bread

Brian Hyland

Brooklyn Bridge

Bruce Springsteen

Buckinghams

Buffalo Springfield

Byrds

Captain & Tennille

Carpenters

Cat Stevens

Chairmen of the Board

Charlie Rich

Cheap Trick

Cher

Chicago

Classics IV

Climax

Commodores

Credence Clearwater Revival

Crosby, Stills, Nash, & Young

Crystal Gayle

Dan Fogelberg

Dave Berry

Dave Clark Five

David Bowie

David Cassidy

Davie Bowie

Debbie Boone

Deep Purple

Del Shannon

Detroit Spinners

Diana Ross & Supremes

Dolly Parton

Donna Summer

Donny Osmond

Donovan

Doobie Brothers

Doors

Dr. Hook

Dusty Springfield

Eagles

Earth, Wind & Fire

Electric Light Orchestra

Elton John

Elvis Presley

Engelbert Humperdinck

Eric Clapton

Exile

Fifth Dimension

Fleetwood Mac

Four Tops

Frank Sinatra

Frankie Valli

Freddie & the Dreamers

Gary Lewis & the Playboys

Gary Puckett & Union Gap

Genesis

George Harrison

George McCrae

Gilbert O’Sullivan

Glen Campbell

Gloria Gaynor

Gordon Lightfoot

Grand Funk Railroad

Grassroots

Guess Who

Hall & Oates

Helen Reddy

Henry Mancini

Herb Alpert

Herman’s Hermits

Hollies

Hot Chocolate

Hugo Montenegro

Ike & Tina Turner

Irish Rovers

Iron Butterfly

Isaac Hayes

James Brown

James Taylor

Janis Joplin

Jay & The Americans

Jefferson Airplane

Jefferson Starship

Jim Croce

Jim Stafford

Jimi Hendrix

Joan Baez

Joe Cocker

John Denver

John Lennon

Johnny Nash

Johnny Rivers

Joni Mitchell

Jose Feliciano

KC & the Sunshine Band

Kenny Loggins

Kenny Rogers

Kinks

Kiss

Kool & the Gang

Led Zeppelin

Leo Sayer

Linda Ronstadt

Little River Band

Lou Christie

Louis Armstrong

Lovin Spoonful

Lulu

Mamas & Papas

Manfred Mann

Manhattan Transfer

Marvin Gaye

McCoys

Michael Jackson

Middle of the Road

Miracles

Monkees

Moody Blues

Morris Albert

Mud

Nancy Sinatra

Natalie Cole

Neil Diamond

Neil Young

Ohio Express

Olivia Newton John

Otis Redding

Pat Benatar

Patti LaBelle

Paul McCartney

Paul Simon

Peaches & Herb

Percy Sledge

Peter & Gordon

Peter Gabriel

Peter, Paul, & Mary

Pilot

Pink Floyd

Pointer Sisters

Pretenders

Prince

Queen

Randy Newman

Rare Earth

Ray Coniff

Ray Stevens

Richard Harris

Righteous Brothers

Ringo Starr

Rita Coolidge

Roberta Flack

Robin Gibb

Rod Stewart

Roger Miller

Rolling Stones

Roy Orbison

Royal Guardsmen

Sam the Sham & the Pharaohs

Sammy Davis, Jr.

Santana

Seels & Crofts

Simon & Garfunkel

Sister Sledge

Sly & Family Stone

Smokey Robinson

Sonny & Cher

Statler Brothers

Steppenwolf

Stevie Wonder

Stylistics

Styx

Super Tramp

Supremes

Tammy Wynette

Temptations

The Police

The Who

Three Dog Night

Tom Jones

Tommy James & Shondells

Tommy Roe

Tony Orlando & Dawn

Toto

Troggs

Turtles

UB40

Van McCoy

Van Morrison

Village People

Vogues

War

Wayne Fontana & the Mindbenders

Wayne Newton

Willie Nelson

Wilson Pickett

Wings

Yardbirds

Young Rascals

Zombies

Slang Terms of Generation X

Every generation has its own favorite terms and slang.  Below are some.  Please let us know if you have other terms or slang that your generation used so we can grow our list.

Ace – something that is the very best

Aiight – okay?

Airhead – someone slow to catch on, usually referenced a blonde person

All That – superior

Decent – Good, awesome

Backatcha! – You too

Bad – Term to me something that is extremely good (coined from Michael Jackson’s 1986 song)

Bangin – Totally spectacular

Barf me out – something so disgusting that it makes you want to vomit

Be There Or Be Square – Be at the party or place or be boring.

Beans – money

BFF – Best Friends Forever

Bite Me – Kiss my ass or get out of here

Bling-Bling – Wearing nice jewelry

Bomb – Awesome

Book or booking – leave quickly

Booyah – exclamation to express victorious moment

Boss! – Cool; awesome

Brawl – fight

Brother – Friend

Bugg’n – Freaking out

Bummer – Bad news

Busted – Someone who has been caught doing something wrong.

Buzz Kill – Boring

Buzz Off – Go away

Can You Dig It? – Do you understand?

Catch My Drift? – Get it?

Catch You on the Rebound – See you later

CHA-CHING – Costly

Cheesy – In poor taste, corny

Chick – Girl

Chill / Be Cool – Relax!

Chill Out – Stay cool

Chillin’ – Relaxing

Choice – Extremely cool

Cold – a woman who is standoffish

Cool – Someone or something that is very smooth or nice

Couch Potato – someone who sits in front of the TV a lot

Dawg – term for friend

Deep Shit – expression meaning you’re in a lot of trouble

Dipstick – Unintelligent person

Diss – insult, complain, or criticize

Ditz – someone not very smart, but less harsh than ‘dipstick’ or ‘airhead’

Don’t go there! – Warning someone to stay away from a particular topic or subject

Dope – something that is cool

Duh – Sarcastic exclamation to suggest that someone should have known about that

Far Out – anything that was fun

Faux – fake

Faux pas – blunder or blooer

Fave – shortened from “favorite”

Fox – Good looking

Freak me out – Surprise

Fresh – cool or new

Fresh One – to punch somebody (“do you want a fresh one?”)

Frickin – Extremely

Fruit – someone extremely nerdy

Funk – cool

Fuzz – Cops, police, law enforcement

FYI – For your information

Gag Me with a Spoon – Something weird or disgusting, a chick who’s ugly

Gas – Fantastic!

Geek – someone really good at the computer

Get Down – from a pop dance song and then used to get ready to party hard

Get Over It – something said to someone who is over reacting to something

Ghetto – unflattering or cheap

Gig – a band’s booked performance

Gimme Five – A way to show when someone was successful at something or did a great job

Glam – a glamorous person

Go Bananas – To go crazy!

Gobs – lots of something

Going Postal – freak out

Good to go – all set, in order, ready to go, etc.

Good Vibes – positive energy

Goon – a nerd

Grill – to ask a lot of questions or to study hard

Hacker – computer genius

Hang – to meet with a person or in a place

Happenin’ – What’s going on? Or something that was very cool

Hard Core – the most active, committed, or doctrinaire members of a group or movement

Have a cow – being overly excited

Heavy – Something very serious or very important or very good

Hellacious – something very bad

Here’s The Skinny – Here’s the information

How’s It Hangin’ – How are you?

I Dig It! – I understand

I Hear That – I understand and agree

I’m Sure – sarcastic term to mean something is ridiculous

In Your Face! – I have succeeded in embarrassing or up-staging you

It’s all good – everything is okay

Jack – to steal something

Jam – to play musical instruments, also refers to when things are difficult

Jet – leave quickly

Keen – Another word for Cool

Keep it Real – to be yourself and not a fake

Keep On Truckin – Go with the flow

Kick Ass – awesome or excellent

Kicks – for fun

Kosher – cool, sweet.

Lame – something totally uncool or unacceptable

Lay Off – means change the subject or to stop whatever you’re doing

Legit – genuine, the real thing or totally accurate

Let’s roll – Let’s leave

Lightweight – Someone who can’t hold their liquor

LOL – Laugh Out Loud – used in email

Lowdown – Truth or actual facts, get the scoop

Mall Maggot – people who have nothing better to do so they hang out at the mall

Man – Dude

May The Force Be With You – popular line from Star Wars, a 70s great movie

Morph – change to something else

Mulah – Money

My Bad! – Oops, my mistake

Neat – something that is very cool or nice

Networking – Meet people of all experiences to get ahead in the workplace

New Wave – Heavily synthesized music

No Can Do – I can’t do that

No Way, Jose – absolutely not going to do something

NOT! – used as a short substitute for a negative clause

Off The Hook – got out of trouble

Oh snap – an exclamation used instead of cursing when something happens

Old School – out of date

OMG – Internet exclamation to express excitement or disbelief

Outrageous – something wonderful

Outta Sight – anything that was fun, similar to “far out”, very cool, good

Pansy – Sissy or coward

PC – Personal computer

Peace out – Bye

Peeps – people

Pegged – hit the nail right on the head / spot on

Pencil You In – Tentatively set a meeting or appointment

Phat! – Awesome, something that is really good

Phony – deceitful person

Pop a Wheelie – When the front wheel of a bike or motorcycle is lifted up off the ground

Primo – excellent or first class

Psyche! – just kidding

Psyched – Excited

Que pasa – What’s Up?

Quit Icing My Grill – telling someone to stop making you look bad

Radical – Awesome

Rap – Speaking or singing rhythmically with music

Raunchy – gross, disgusting

Raw – very cool

Reamed Out – A verbal reprimand

Right On – Exclamation or something that was good

Rip-off – something that was less than the promised value…”what a rip-off”

Rock On! – Totally awesome cool

Rockin – very cool

Rush – something thrilling

S’up – contraction of “what’s up”?, what’s going on

Say What? – What are you talking about?

Scarf – To eat with great gusto

Schmooze – to get on someone’s good side with the intention of getting ahead at work

Score – exclamation when something good happens

Scoshe – A little bit

Scumbag – Undesirable person

Shady – being unfair or not nice, does not keep it real

Shit Happens – stuff happens

Shitting Bricks – extremely nervous or scared

Shut Up! – That’s totally unbelievable!

Sit On It – exasperated expression of ‘Shut up’ or verbal expression of go to hell

Slam Dunk – to score in basketball

Slammin – really good, cool, or awesome

Space Cadet – see “airhead”; someone who is slow on the uptake

Spazzing – extreme excitement

Spiffy – describes something that’s looks or sounds good.

Split – To Leave

Sportin – Wear clothing in a certain way

Square – not cool

Stellar – Cool

Stoked – excited and ready to do something

Straight – That’s true

Streak – To run in public in the nude

Stylin’ – Cool hair or clothes.

Sucks – Disapproval of something is very bad

Sweet! – Very nice or totally awesomely

Sweetness – Something cool, fun, or awesome

Swingin’ – having a good time

Take A Chill Pill – Relax, cool out, or calm down

Talk to the hand – not wanting to hear what someone is saying

Ta-Tas – Woman’s breasts

That sucks – exclamation when something bad happens

That’s a Kicker – A sudden, surprising turn of events or ending; a twist

That’s so Lame – a person who said or did something inappropriate or awkward

That’s Bogus – That’s not fair

That’s Old School – That means it is an old style of being

That’s Sick! – Something unusual

That’s Wacked – that’s screwed up or weird or there’s something wrong with that

The Bomb – very cool

This Is Wicked – very cool

Throw Down – competition

Tight! – Awesome, cool, the best, or being excited

Totally – definitely as in “that’s right”

Totally Hot – Usually referring to someone’s good looks.

Trendie – follows fashion

Trippin – Making a big deal out of something or when you are wrong

Tripping – term to describe something that is totally insane or impossible

Truck – To Leave or Move or Go

Tweak – adjust or fix

UVs – Ultraviolet rays (as at the beach)

Veg or Veg Out – to chill out, take it easy, or relax

Wannabe – a person who wants to be someone else

Warped – weird

Wassup – Hello

Way Cool – Way Cool or very cool

What Up Dawg? – What have you been up to?

Whatever – you don’t care

What’s Hanging – that’s cool & what’s up

What’s Happenin’ – What are you doing? Or what is going on?

What’s Shakin’? – Casual greeting like “What’s Happening?”, “How’s it going?”

What’s The Buzz? – What’s going on? What’s happening?

What’s Your 20? – What’s your location? Where are you?

Where’s the Beef? – Term from Wendy’s ad to ask where the meat is

Wicked – Something so very cool or awesome

Wired – high

Word – It means, that you agree with the person

Ya Know what I mean – Asking if someone understands what you’re saying

Yadda Yadda Yadda – and so on and so on and so on

YO – Hello

You Straight – Are you okay or all right?

 

Updated: August 8, 2015 — 10:04 pm

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